Campania

Campania vista uliveto sul mare

The Romans called it ‘Campania felix’ when they wanted to celebrate this land for the quality not only of its wines, but also of the oils produced which were used as a valuable bargaining chip.
In Campania the olive tree has found its ideal environment: the often volcanic nature of the soils and the typically Mediterranean climate have favored the spread of this crop, which in addition to the economic aspects, is also particularly important for the safeguard of the territory and the protection of landscape.
In fact, 90% of Campania’s olive growing involves hilly areas, those often at the highest risk of landslides and landslides; In this way the olive tree becomes not only an important and sometimes the only source of income for the local populations, but also a garrison of the territory, which it has made precious for centuries with its immutable presence. The great Campania olive vocation is expressed throughout the territory, even if the leadership belongs to the province of Salerno.

History

In Cilento, in the Sorrento Peninsula, in Paestum, but also in numerous other areas of the region, the historical presence of the olive tree is widely documented. Tradition has it that the first plants were introduced by the Phocians in the 4th century. B.C. The olive tree dominates the landscape in inland areas and plays an irreplaceable role in protecting the soil and conserving the environment.

Technical contents

Overall, olive growing in Campania covers an area of ​​75,763 hectares. This area corresponds to an olive-growing heritage of over 14 million plants and 363 active mills.
An element of great importance, which contributes to the affirmation of Campania’s olive growing, is represented by the variety heritage of the region, very rich and diversified, more than one hundred local cultivars.
The best known are Ogliarola, Nostrale and Ravece, in the province of Avellino; Raccioppella, Sprina, Ortice and Ortolana, in the province of Benevento; Olio da olivo in the Sorrentine Peninsula; Asprinia, Tonda, Caiazzona and Sessana in the province of Caserta; Rotondella, Carpellese, Nostrale, Biancolilla and Pisciottana, in the province of Salerno.
Five PDOs recognized by the European Union:
DOP Cilento (province of Salerno)
DOP Salernitane Hills (Salerno Province)
DOP Sorrento Peninsula (Province of Naples – in particular on the Sorrento peninsula and the island of Capri but also in Castellammare di Stabia)
DOP Irpinia – Ufita Hills (province of Avellino)
DOP Terre Aurunche (province of Caserta)

The Campania region is among the areas of Southern Italy most attentive to a production that intertwines quality and quantity well with many labels of monovarietal oils and new realities very careful to position themselves at the top of national and international competitions – Gambero Rosso, Oli d’Italia

mappa cultivar campania
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